Claymore kills mines, also known as broad-cut mines, believe that many people are no stranger to such mines? Because the frequency with which it appears in the film is \"quite\" high, for example, in the first drop of blood rambo detonated a \"high-footed\" super-bomb left over from world war ii with a broad-bladed thunder, taking away all the pursuers in a wave, at the edge of the film tomorrow at the edge of the ahtango relies on the ability to control time with a \"front toward the enemy\" mine.
The name \"broad knife\" was translated by Claymore as a broad sword, named by its designer, Norman McLeod, after the great sword commonly used in medieval Scotland, and adopted by the M18A1 in the United States, which was also the first broad-blade mine to be used in war, and was subsequently copied by many countries.
The development of the M18A1Claymore mine can be traced back to World War II, when the Hungarian ballistics scientist Misznay and the German weapons expert Hubert Schardin put forward a theory that when a steel plate with radians was blasted, most of the explosive's explosive force would work on the steel plate, and the surface would be smashed to form a number of high-speed penetrations, splashing around, creating a huge lethal force, the famous Miszn-Schardin effect.
People began to work on these weapons based on this theory, but with the end of the war, the development of such weapons slowed down gradually, but with the outbreak of the korean war, the u. s. military demand for new weapons is very urgent, and the development of such weapons is on the agenda.
The \"Phoenix\" mines were originally developed by Canada, based on the Miesnai-Shardin explosive effect. They designed a mine called the \"Phoenix \", which used steel plates as an anti-personnel fragment. After the explosion of internal explosives, the fragments flew out and killed the enemy, but because the design was too rough, it was large and insufficiently powerful, and the number of fragments produced was very small.
The M18A1Claymore mines were found only in laboratories in Canada, but they attracted the attention of the U.S. military, who thought they had a very good idea and had a good room for development, so in 1952, Norman MacLeod worked out a small targeted mine based on the design of the Phoenix mine, combined with the Naimis-Shardin explosion effect, and was finally named T-48.
After the successful test, he submitted the design to the United States Army, which of course welcomed the new type of weapons of mass destruction, and accepted his design and revised it, which was also named M18 mines, which were all tested before the Army completed its service in 1954, the final model being M18A1.
M18A1Claymore Mine M18A1Claymore was first produced by Mohawk Electrical Systems, at a cost of $119(at the current exchange rate), with a weight of 216 mm, a length of 216 mm, a thickness of 38 mm and a height of 124 mm, a C4 plastic explosive filled with a shell of gray-green plastic, with an interior filled with approximately 700 mm diameter steel beads, with an effective killing range of 50 m and a maximum range of about 250 m.
When the M18A1 is detonated, the internal filled steel ball will advance at a speed of 1200 m/s, the distribution of the steel ball will be 60° fan-shaped, the height can be about 2 meters, these fragments have strong killing power in the range of 100 meters, in probability, the hit rate of a person in this area is about 10%, and the hit rate in the range of 50 meters can reach 30%, in the best killing effect and effective distance,50 meters range is the best killing distance of M18A1.
The M18A1 mine is mainly a passive defensive weapon with the same function as other mines and can be detonated by enemy touch, but it is sometimes also used as an attack weapon because M18A1 has the function of directional sight and manual detonation and can be detonated manually at a long distance when needed, and M18A1 is suitable to cover the range of mortars and artillery within the minimum range beyond the maximum throwing distance of the grenade.
The M18A1 mine was first used on the Vietnam battlefield, and it itself was developed in response to Vietnam's geographical environment. The green coating is for better cover-up in the jungle-filled Vietnam battlefield, which is generally buried in the hidden jungle path and is also deployed near the US military base to prevent enemy raids.
In modern times, such weapons are widely used by special forces to ambush the enemy or deploy as a defensive weapon in the vicinity of the site, and even, when sleeping, they surround themselves to form a mine line.
The development and imitation of the post-war United States continues to improve this weapon, developing multiple versions of the mine, and recently a lighter, more powerful mine has entered the army, known as Mini-More.
Other countries are scrambling to copy it, notably the russian i-50, china's 66-style countertrooper-directed ray, israel's no6 and south korea's k440.